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Top 7 Must-Visit Government Museums in India

India, a country with a diversified history and rich cultural legacy, provides a wealth of opportunities to learn about its fascinating past. Indian museums are a veritable gold mine for history enthusiasts, with everything from galleries presenting contemporary art to archaeological museums displaying ancient treasures. With Rooftop, enter the captivating world of India’s renowned government museums, where art captivates the soul and history comes to life. Each museum provides visitors with an immersive and engaging experience while serving as a tribute to the country’s rich cultural heritage and unique history.

1. National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi and Mumbai: Witnessing the Evolution of Indian Art

At both New Delhi and Mumbai, the National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA) presents the remarkable development of Indian art from the 1850s to the present. The NGMA provides a singular window into the heart of Indian art with its collection of more than 14,000 pieces by illustrious artists like Raja Ravi Varma, Amrita Sher-Gil, and M.F. Husain. Discover the tales behind these intriguing artworks by immersing yourself in thought-provoking museum exhibitions and events.

2. National Museum, New Delhi: Unraveling the Tapestry of India’s History

National Museum, New Delhi. Source:

One of the most well-known museums in India is the National Museum in New Delhi, which houses an incredible collection of more than 200,000 items covering 5,000 years of Indian history. Explore the wonders of the Indus Valley Civilization while admiring the exquisite artistry of miniature paintings from the Mughal era. Participate in exciting museum activities and spectacular exhibitions to enrich your visit and bring the fascinating stories behind the items to life.

3. Indian Museum, Kolkata: A Time Capsule of India’s Past

Indian Museum, Kolkata. Source:

The Indian Museum in Kolkata is the oldest and one of the biggest museums in the nation. It was founded in 1814. This museum, which displays over 100,000 exhibits, including anthropological artefacts and archaeological gems, is a haven for history fans. The Bharhut Gallery, which showcases complex Buddhist sculptures, and the Egyptian Gallery, which houses a 4,000-year-old mummy, are also must-see exhibits. Participate in interactive museum activities that transport you back in time.

4. Victoria Memorial Hall, Kolkata: A Royal Ode to the British Era

Victoria Memorial Hall, Kolkata. Source:

As a work of art and a symbol of the British Empire, Kolkata’s magnificent Victoria Memorial Hall honours Queen Victoria. A vast collection of sculptures, paintings, and manuscripts housed inside this white marble building’s museum provide a comprehensive overview of India’s history throughout the British colonial era. Experience the colonial past and the freedom struggle by attending captivating museum exhibitions that breathe life into history.

5. Salar Jung Museum, Hyderabad: A Symphony of Art and Antiquity

Salar Jung Museum, Hyderabad. Source:

The Salar Jung Museum in Hyderabad, which is tucked away along the Musi River’s banks, is a refuge for collectors and art enthusiasts. This museum, curated by Mir Yousuf Ali Khan (Salar Jung III), is a treasure trove of eclectic masterpieces, including over 43,000 works of art and 50,000 books and manuscripts. Explore the spectacular Jade Room, which is filled with exquisite antiques from the Mughal era, and admire the Veiled Rebecca, a gorgeous marble sculpture. Participate in museum activities that reveal the histories of these magnificent creations.

6. Allahabad Museum, Prayagraj: Delving into the Heart of India’s Heritage

Allahabad Museum, Prayagraj. Source:

Prayagraj’s Allahabad Museum serves as a record of the area’s cultural legacy with its extensive collection of sculptures, paintings, and artefacts from antiquity. In the informative galleries of the museum, experience the elegance of terracotta art and relive the Indian Freedom Struggle. Attend interactive museum events to develop a stronger connection to India’s soul.

7. National Council of Science Museums, Kolkata: Igniting the Spark of Innovation

National Council of Science Museums, Kolkata. Source:

An Indian-wide network of science centres and museums is managed by the National Council of Science Museums (NCSM), which has its headquarters in Kolkata. These interactive museums provide engaging learning opportunities for visitors of all ages and are created to pique curiosity and foster a passion of science and technology. The largest scientific centre in the Indian subcontinent is The Science City in Kolkata, a member of the NCSM family. It has a Space Odyssey, a Science Exploration Hall, and a Dynamotion Hall. Attend engaging museum events that foster scientific discovery and innovation.


India’s renowned government museums serve as gateways to the country’s extensive cultural legacy, varied history, and exceptional artistic talent. While visiting these incredible institutions, make sure to attend museum programs and exhibitions that provide a more in-depth understanding of the stories behind the exhibits. Discover the fascinating stories of India’s history and present as you travel through time and immerse yourself in the magical realm of these renowned museums.

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